Pediatric Care and Adolescent Care involve the physician, nurse, and other health care professionals that will provide for the medical needs of the infant, child or adolescent. The age range is from birth to 20 years of age. Some of the needs of the patient may be short-term and some are long-term needs. Depending on the health of the child and her needs the nurse will administer medicine, use medical equipment, perform minor medical operations, and advise parents concerning the continued care as it relates the illness. The service may be more like Private Duty Nursing (PDN) for more medically fragile, and require 4 hours to 24 hours of service a day. Infusion Therapy is also a service that is provided for some individuals. The caregiver working in the home will be a Registered Nurse or Licensed Practical Nurse. Because there has been an increased number of infants, children, and adolescents depending on life-saving medical devices; lifesaving technology for ventilators, oxygen, gastrostomy tubes and tracheostomy tubes, there has been a higher demand for Pediatric Care and Adolescent Care. The care also extends to other patient needs. Personal needs such as bathing, combing hair and brushing teeth, feeding and eating, diaper changes, organize clothes and toys and clean up the patient’s room, wipe down the bed rails and equipment and clean the room.